The Monarchs, the Ministers, the Musketeers and the Plunder Games
“Tre’ville had discovered the weak side of his master,
and it was to this address that he owed the long and constant favour of a king who had not left behind him the reputation of having been very faithful in his friendships.
He paraded his Musketeers before the Cardinal Armand Duplessis [Richelieu*] with an insolent air, which made the gray mustache of his Eminence curl with ire.
Tre’ville was a master of the art of war of that period,
in which he who did not live at the expense of the enemy
lived at the expense of his compatriots.”
Alexandre Dumas, The Three Musketeers, 1844
The literary genius, Alexandre Dumas (1802-1870), the son of a general of the French Revolution of 1789, provides keen insights in his fictional treatment of many centuries of French history.
In The Three Musketeers, Dumas comically highlights characteristics of the actual rule of monarch King Louis XIII (son of Henry IV and Marie de’ Medici) and Cardinal Richelieu. History records that the monarch and his minister transformed France into a vigorously administered centralized state; suppressed the nobility; manipulated leaders of differing faith; demonstrated pagan morals and paved the way for the Sun King Louis XIV, the absolute monarch~
“L’Etat, c’est moi” (I am, myself, the state)
Louis XIV, King of France (1638-1715)
Absolute Monarch Louis XIV would exile or eliminate those of differing religious views, absolutely.
As the cyclical nature of revolution continues to dominate cultures under the tutelage of a host of plundering Musketeers, Ministers and would be Monarchs, it behooves us to focus on the characteristics of such minions and manipulators of minds, senses and souls; the social emotional driven mobs.
The appointed Intellectuals and politicians are the Musketeers that the Ministers and Monarchs parade to rouse, subdue, corral and herd the masses via their convoluted ideologies, Utopian theories, plans of plunder, amusement or consensus of baseness.
The King’s Musketeers:
“…formed a legion of devil-may-care fellows, perfectly undisciplined as regarded every one but himself.
Loose, deep drinkers, truculent, the King’s Musketeers, or rather M. de Tre’ville’s, swaggered about in the cabarets, the public walks, and at the public sports, shouting, twisting their mustaches, clanking their swords, and taking great pleasure in annoying the guards of M. le Cardinal whenever they could fall in with them. They drew in the open streets as if it were the best of all possible sports.”
Musketeer: Jean Jacques Rousseau
This sensory-emotion driven right brain description might aptly fit the romantic sentimentalism of philosopher Jean Jacques Rousseau (1712-1778). The odd man out in many ways, unlike many philosophes he wasn’t a noble, wasn’t middle class, wasn’t French, wasn’t a noted orator. His life reflected tragedy; he was haunted by nightmares, fears, paranoia, and neuroses; he had five children, each of whom he consigned to an orphanage. He had no social status, never had any money, and all his life he never felt he could trust anyone.
Everything about him, his social life, his personal life, his financial life, even his inner life, reeked of failure, except his writings on the social conditions of his age. Rousseau believed all the good traits of human character were products of nature. Rousseau embraced raw emotion, the quick impulse of intuition, and the transcendent effect of introspection. His works did not rest on critical reason, history or thought, but on spontaneous feeling.
Edmund Burke dubs Rousseau as “the insane Socrates.”
If Montesquieu was moved by the rational; Voltaire by clarity; Rousseau was moved by mystical insights. Thus, he became the “man of feeling,” the “child of nature,” and the prophet of the age of romanticism.
In his seminal manifesto, The Social Contract, in 1762, he stated that the evils of society produced the badness of men, and that an improved society could produce good men. In Rousseau’s view, organized society rested not upon a political contract, but a social contract, a “General Will.”
Rousseau did not delve into the specifics of government or institutions, but rather espoused a “wing it”, more impressionistic, more mystical commonwealth of man in which every person could feel that he or she belonged; “Man is born free,: he famously declared, “and everywhere he is in chains.” Rousseau’s social emotional feeling driven perspectives would act like an intellectual virus paving the way for the rise of The French Revolution and beyond.
Rousseau blamed the externals of society for his tragic life and lack of virtue in his lifestyle…yet he appointed himself as priest of a new cult of mystical emotional nature worship.
Statesman Edmund Burke commented on Rousseau, “Rousseau is a moralist, or he is nothing.” After delivering this judgment, Burke rises to an assault upon Rousseau so merciless that one is tempted to add the quip, “and he is not a moralist.”
Burke recognized the powerful manipulations of the Social Contract. Rousseau’s was a false morality, but pretentious. Rousseau’s new-fangled morality was a monstrous impostor.
As Russell Kirk summarizes:
“Burke recognized that revelation, reason, and an assurance beyond the senses tell us that the Author of our being exists, and that He is omniscient; and man and the state are creations of God’s beneficence. God’s purpose among men is revealed through the unrolling of history…and what is our purpose in this world? Not to indulge our appetites, but to render obedience to Divine ordinance.”
“When studied with any degree of thoroughness, the economic problem will be found to run into the political problem, the political problem into the philosophical problem, and the philosophical problem itself to be almost indissolubly bound up at last with a religious problem.”
Irving Babbitt in Democracy and Leadership
After the Musketeer Machiavelli denied the existence of God, placing the ruthless State as God, (yet encouraging “religion” to control the populace); Rousseau erected a kind of quasi-religious fabrication, supplied with its own myths from his idyllic imagination, inspired by the notion that pity has primacy among human emotions.
Today we would recognize this as the ongoing humanitarian, social justice, social gospel, one world religion, nature worship, egalitarian manipulations used in Planned Economies, Communism, Socialism, Fascism, Despotisms…the Technocratic Administrative Welfare State.
The sentimental doctrine of the General Will, which Rousseau produced to mortar his system together, was full of toxic poison from the beginning.
“By this device Rousseau gets rid of the problem that has chiefly preoccupied political thinkers in the English tradition
—how, namely, to safeguard the freedom of the individual or of minorities against a triumphant and despotic majority.”
“Rousseau’s fallacious new dualism, that which postulates the citizen in his private capacity and the citizen as a member of the community, may provide the apology for a tyranny more crushing than anything Rousseau himself denounced.” *
Since “Man never rushes forward so confidently, it would seem, as when he is on the very brink of the abyss” or on a technomedia “education”; we recognize why God entrusted parents with the education of their children.
Parents must provide Education which foremost implants Absolute Truth, nurtures faith in God, transmits knowledge, imparts values, develops wisdom and discernment in their children — prior to and simultaneous with exposure to the Musketeers, Administers, Monarchs, Manipulators, Mass Media or the Mobs.
“There can be no Liberty for a community which lacks the means by which to detect lies”… the social emotional manipulation, the operant conditioning, and the fabrication of mass men, under the guise of humanitarian needs, pity, toxic charity, social equality, workforce development or other such Plunder Games.
*Armand Jean du Plessis, Cardinal of Richelieu and of Fransoc
The Three Musketeers by Alexandre Dumas
The Great Upheaval by Jay Winik
http://oll.libertyfund.org/titles/2393 The Collected Works of Frederic Bastiat, the Liberty Fund, Inc.
The Conservative Mind by Russell Kirk